Physical Light-Matter Interaction in Hermite-Gauss Space
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Technical Papers
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TimeFriday, December 171:27pm - 1:36pm JST
LocationHall B5 (1) (5F, B Block) & Virtual Platform
DescriptionOur purpose in this paper is two-fold: introduce a computationally-tractable decomposition of the coherence properties of light; and, present a general-purpose light-matter interaction framework for partially-coherent light. In a recent publication, Steinberg and Yan [2021] introduced a framework that generalizes the classical radiometry-based light transport to physical optics. This facilitates a qualitative increase in the scope of optical phenomena that can be rendered, however with the additional expressibility comes greater analytic difficulty: This coherence of light, which is the core quantity of physical light transport, depends initially on the characteristics of the light source, and mutates on interaction with matter and propagation. Furthermore, current tools that aim to quantify the interaction of partially-coherent light with matter remain limited to specific materials and are computationally intensive. To practically represent a wide class of coherence functions, we decompose their modal content in Hermite-Gauss space and derive a set of light-matter interaction formulae, which quantify how matter scatters light and affects its coherence properties. Then, we model matter as a locally-stationary random process, generalizing the prevalent deterministic and stationary stochastic descriptions. This gives rise to a framework that is able to formulate the interaction of arbitrary partially-coherent light with a wide class of matter. Indeed, we will show that our presented formalism unifies a few of the state-of-the-art scatter and diffraction formulae into one cohesive theory. This formulae include the sourcing of partially-coherent light, scatter by rough surfaces and microgeometry, diffraction grating and interference by a layered structure.